Special Guardianship was introduced as a new permanence option for children in December 2005. It provides a legally secure foundation for building a permanent relationship between the child and their special guardian, while preserving the legal link between the child and their birth family.
The Adoption and Children Act 2002 provides the legal framework for special guardianship under the Children Act 1989. The Act provides:
Guidance designed to support the introduction of special guardianship orders introduced under the Children Act 1989 and information about the special guardianship regulations 2005.
Article on GOV.UK 30 August 2013